YORK COUNTY
Date Formed:  1785
Land Area (square miles): 682
County Seat: York
Other Cities and Towns: Clover, Fort Mill, Hickory Grove, McConnells, Rock Hill, Sharon, Smyrna, Tega Cay
Form of Government: Council-Manager
Council Members: 7
Method of Election: Single Member
Term Length: 2 years
Council of Government:  Catawba
County History
York County and its county seat were named for York County, Pennsylvania. The county was first established in 1785 as part of Camden District. From 1791 to 1800 it was part of Pinckney District, and it became a separate district when Pinckney was dissolved in 1800. Part of the county went to form Cherokee County in 1897. When European settlers arrived, this part of the state was inhabited by the Catawba Indians. The Catawbas signed a treaty with the English in 1763, relinquishing their rights to much of their land. This treaty opened up the area to Scotch-Irish settlers moving down from Pennsylvania and up from the lowcountry. The Catawba Nation is now the only federally-recognized Indian tribe in the state. Two battles were fought in this area during the Revolutionary War, Williamson's Plantation (July 12, 1780) and Kings Mountain (October 7, 1780); the latter battle was a major victory for the Americans. Small-scale cotton farming was prevalent in the county in the nineteenth century, but textile mills became important in the twentieth century, contributing to the growth of the county's largest city, Rock Hill.
Population Trends Value Rank Value Rank
Census Population 1990 131,497 8 Numeric Change Census 1990-2010 94,576 5
Census Population 2000 164,614 8 Percent Change Census 1990-2010 71.9% 3
Census Population 2010 226,073 7 Numeric Change Pop. Est. 2010-2015 25,122 4
Population Estimate 2014 245,124 7 Percent Change Pop. Est. 2014-2015 10.2% 7
Population Estimate 2015 251,195 7 Avg. Annual Growth Rate 2010 - 2015 -1.1% 43
Persons Per Square Mile 331.5 6
Economic Data Value Rank Value Rank
Jobs 2014 109,701 7 Personal Income 2014, in thousands $9,299,290 31
Jobs 2013 105,527 7 Avg. Annual Growth Rate, 1969 - 2014 8.5% 4
Jobs 2012 79,250 7 Per Capita Personal Income 2014 $26,792 42
Jobs 2000 67,589 10 % of U.S. Per Cap Personal Income 2014 58.2% 7
Jobs 1990 53,360 10 Average Wage Per Job 2015 $41,087 31
Avg. Ann. Growth Rate Jobs 1990-2010 2.4% 5 % of U.S. Avg. Wage Per Job 2015 77.6% 31
Percent Change Jobs 2012-2014 4.0% 6 Unemployment Rate 2015 5.5% 36
Numeric Change Jobs 2013-2014 4,174 4
Tax Data Value Value
Assessed Property 2013 $1,169,002,667 Per Capita Assessed Property 2013 $5,171
County Base Millage Rate 2015 0.0697 Additional Sales Tax, if applicable:
Value of One Mil 2015 $1,177,042 Local Option  
Net Taxable Sales FY14 $1,944,509,860 Capital Projects 1.0%
State Admissions Tax FY14 $1,705,315 School District  
State Accommodations Tax Collected FY14 $13,336 Transportation  
Edu. Capital Improvement  
County Finance & Employment Data Value Value
Total Revenues FY14 $143,519,048 Per Capita Revenues FY14 $635
Total Expenditures FY14 $147,560,626 Per Capita Expenditures FY14 $653
General Fund Budget FY16 *** Per Capita Gen. Fund Budget FY16 ***
Total Debt Outstanding FY15 $55,430,000 Per Capita Debt Outstanding FY15 $245
Payroll FY16 *** Credit Rating(s) FY13, if applicable:
Full-Time Employees FY16 959 Moody's Aa1
Part-Time Employees FY16 132 Standard & Poor's AA+
Full-Time Emp/1,000 Cnty Residents 4.24 Fitch