UNION COUNTY
Date Formed:  1785
Land Area (square miles): 514
County Seat: Union
Other Cities and Towns: Carlisle, Jonesville, Lockhart
Form of Government: Council-Supervisor
Council Members: 7
Method of Election: Single Member
Term Length: 4 years
Council of Government:  Catawba
County History
Union County was named for the old Union Church, which served both the Presbyterian and Episcopal congregations in the area. The church was erected in 1765 near the present day town of Union, the county seat. Union County was created as a part of Ninety Six District in 1785. It was part of Pinckney District from 1791 to 1800 and became a separate district when Pinckney was dissolved in 1800. The upper part of the county later went to form Cherokee County in 1897. The early settlers in this area were mainly Scotch-Irish from Virginia and Pennsylvania, who began immigrating to the South Carolina upcountry in the 1750s. Much fighting took place here during the Revolutionary War, including the battles of Musgrove's Mill (August 18, 1780) and Blackstocks (November 20, 1780). Revolutionary leaders Thomas Brandon (1741-1802) and Joseph McJunkin (1755-1846) were from Union County, as were Confederate Generals States Rights Gist (1831-1864) and William Henry Wallace (1827-1905). Secession Governor William Henry Gist (1807-1874) made his home at Rose Hill Plantation in Union County, now a state park.
Population Trends Value Rank Value Rank
Census Population 1990 30,337 31 Numeric Change Census 1990-2010 -1,376 45
Census Population 2000 29,881 33 Percent Change Census 1990-2010 -4.5% 43
Census Population 2010 28,961 33 Numeric Change Pop. Est. 2010-2015 -1,184 39
Population Estimate 2014 27,947 33 Percent Change Pop. Est. 2014-2015 -4.2% 38
Population Estimate 2015 27,777 34 Avg. Annual Growth Rate 2010 - 2015 -0.8% 38
Persons Per Square Mile 56.3 32
Economic Data Value Rank Value Rank
Jobs 2014 9,559 36 Personal Income 2014, in thousands $799,294 32
Jobs 2013 9,233 37 Avg. Annual Growth Rate, 1969 - 2014 5.3% 46
Jobs 2012 7,159 36 Per Capita Personal Income 2014 $28,673 36
Jobs 2000 11,168 30 % of U.S. Per Cap Personal Income 2014 62.3% 36
Jobs 1990 10,948 31 Average Wage Per Job 2015 $33,407 37
Avg. Ann. Growth Rate Jobs 1990-2010 -1.7% 45 % of U.S. Avg. Wage Per Job 2015 63.1% 37
Percent Change Jobs 2012-2014 3.6% 8 Unemployment Rate 2015 7.8% 14
Numeric Change Jobs 2013-2014 326 26
Tax Data Value Value
Assessed Property 2013 $68,525,486 Per Capita Assessed Property 2013 $2,366
County Base Millage Rate 2015 0.1397 Additional Sales Tax, if applicable:
Value of One Mil 2015 $62,000 Local Option  
Net Taxable Sales FY14 $130,224,986 Capital Projects  
State Admissions Tax FY14 $9,790 School District  
State Accommodations Tax Collected FY14 $30,410 Transportation  
Edu. Capital Improvement  
County Finance & Employment Data Value Value
Total Revenues FY14 $21,573,134 Per Capita Revenues FY14 $745
Total Expenditures FY14 $18,009,418 Per Capita Expenditures FY14 $622
General Fund Budget FY16 $15,038,122 Per Capita Gen. Fund Budget FY16 $519
Total Debt Outstanding FY15 $2,871,951 Per Capita Debt Outstanding FY15 $99
Payroll FY16 $6,703,392 Credit Rating(s) FY13, if applicable:
Full-Time Employees FY16 188 Moody's A1
Part-Time Employees FY16 62 Standard & Poor's  
Full-Time Emp/1,000 Cnty Residents 6.49 Fitch