RICHLAND COUNTY
Date Formed:  1785
Land Area (square miles): 756
County Seat: Columbia
Other Cities and Towns: Arcadia Lakes, Blythewood, Eastover, Forest Acres, Irmo
Form of Government: Council-Administrator
Council Members: 11
Method of Election: Single Member
Term Length: 4 years
Council of Government:  Central Midlands
County History
Richland County was probably named for its "rich land." The county was formed in 1785 as part of the large Camden District. A small part of Richland later went to Kershaw County (1791). In 1786 the state legislature decided to move the capital from Charleston to a more central location. A site was chosen in Richland County, which is in the geographic center of the state, and a new town was laid out. Columbia subsequently became not only the center of government but an important trade and manufacturing center. Cotton from the surrounding plantations was shipped through Columbia and later manufactured into textiles there. Columbia is also known for its educational institutions, particularly the University of South Carolina, which was founded in 1802. General William T. Sherman captured Columbia during the Civil War, and his troops burned the town on February 17, 1865. The U.S. Army returned on more friendly terms in 1917, when Fort Jackson was established. Confederate General, South Carolina Governor, and U.S. Senator Wade Hampton (1818-1902) was a resident of Richland County, and President Woodrow Wilson (1856-1924) lived in Columbia as a boy.
Population Trends Value Rank Value Rank
Census Population 1990 285,720 3 Numeric Change Census 1990-2010 98,784 3
Census Population 2000 320,677 2 Percent Change Census 1990-2010 34.6% 12
Census Population 2010 384,504 2 Numeric Change Pop. Est. 2010-2015 22,547 6
Population Estimate 2014 401,591 2 Percent Change Pop. Est. 2014-2015 5.6% 11
Population Estimate 2015 407,051 2 Avg. Annual Growth Rate 2010 - 2015 1.2% 11
Persons Per Square Mile 508.6 2
Economic Data Value Rank Value Rank
Jobs 2014 266,396 3 Personal Income 2014, in thousands $15,585,058 3
Jobs 2013 264,107 3 Avg. Annual Growth Rate, 1969 - 2014 6.8% 20
Jobs 2012 224,103 3 Per Capita Personal Income 2014 $38,811 6
Jobs 2000 240,579 2 % of U.S. Per Cap Personal Income 2014 84.3% 6
Jobs 1990 205,940 2 Average Wage Per Job 2015 $44,636 8
Avg. Ann. Growth Rate Jobs 1990-2010 0.4% 15 % of U.S. Avg. Wage Per Job 2015 84.3% 8
Percent Change Jobs 2012-2014 0.9% 30 Unemployment Rate 2015 5.7% 34
Numeric Change Jobs 2013-2014 2,289 7
Tax Data Value Value
Assessed Property 2013 $1,589,982,868 Per Capita Assessed Property 2013 $4,135
County Base Millage Rate 2015 0.1231 Additional Sales Tax, if applicable:
Value of One Mil 2015 $1,448,000 Local Option 1.0%
Net Taxable Sales FY14 $5,236,046,165 Capital Projects  
State Admissions Tax FY14 $3,544,042 School District  
State Accommodations Tax Collected FY14 $2,901,133 Transportation 1.0%
Edu. Capital Improvement  
County Finance & Employment Data Value Value
Total Revenues FY14 $409,314,721 Per Capita Revenues FY14 $1,065
Total Expenditures FY14 $282,241,692 Per Capita Expenditures FY14 $734
General Fund Budget FY16 $154,012,309 Per Capita Gen. Fund Budget FY16 $401
Total Debt Outstanding FY15 $190,966,968 Per Capita Debt Outstanding FY15 $497
Payroll FY16 $111,432,145 Credit Rating(s) FY13, if applicable:
Full-Time Employees FY16 1963 Moody's Aa1
Part-Time Employees FY16 0 Standard & Poor's AAA
Full-Time Emp/1,000 Cnty Residents 5.11 Fitch