ORANGEBURG COUNTY
Date Formed:  1769
Land Area (square miles): 1,106
County Seat: Orangeburg
Other Cities and Towns: Bowman, Branchville, Cope, Cordova, Elloree, Eutawville, Holly Hill, Livingston, Neeses, North, Norway, Rowesville, Santee, Springfield, Vance, Woodford
Form of Government: Council-Administrator
Council Members: 7
Method of Election: Single Member
Term Length: 4 years
Council of Government:  Lower Savannah
County History
Orangeburg County was named for William IV (1711-1751), Prince of Orange, the son-in-law of King George II. Orangeburg District was established in 1769, and from 1785 to 1791 it included four counties: Lexington, Orange, Winton, and Lewisburg. The district was reduced in size when Barnwell (1800) and Lexington (1804) districts were formed; parts of Orangeburg also went to form Aiken (1871) and Calhoun (1908) counties. Swiss and German farmers moved into this region around 1735, and English settlers from the lowcountry followed. The battle of Eutaw Springs was fought there during the Revolutionary War on September 8, 1781; it was the last major battle of the war in South Carolina. Large plantations using slave labor were established in Orangeburg in the nineteenth century, and the county became a major producer of cotton. Railroads arrived in the area early; Branchville became the first railroad junction in the state in 1840. Union troops under General Sherman passed through Orangeburg in February 1865. Orangeburg County was the birthplace of historian Alexander S. Salley (1871-1961) and singer Eartha Kitt.
Population Trends Value Rank Value Rank
Census Population 1990 84,803 15 Numeric Change Census 1990-2010 7,698 25
Census Population 2000 91,582 16 Percent Change Census 1990-2010 9.1% 35
Census Population 2010 92,501 16 Numeric Change Pop. Est. 2010-2015 -3,293 46
Population Estimate 2014 89,924 16 Percent Change Pop. Est. 2014-2015 -3.7% 35
Population Estimate 2015 89,208 16 Avg. Annual Growth Rate 2010 - 2015 -0.7% 35
Persons Per Square Mile 83.6 23
Economic Data Value Rank Value Rank
Jobs 2014 39,729 15 Personal Income 2014, in thousands $2,674,880 18
Jobs 2013 40,408 15 Avg. Annual Growth Rate, 1969 - 2014 6.4% 28
Jobs 2012 32,874 15 Per Capita Personal Income 2014 $29,691 30
Jobs 2000 38,862 14 % of U.S. Per Cap Personal Income 2014 64.5% 29
Jobs 1990 34,910 14 Average Wage Per Job 2015 $36,472 26
Avg. Ann. Growth Rate Jobs 1990-2010 -0.3% 25 % of U.S. Avg. Wage Per Job 2015 68.9% 26
Percent Change Jobs 2012-2014 -1.7% 42 Unemployment Rate 2015 10.7% 2
Numeric Change Jobs 2013-2014 -679 46
Tax Data Value Value
Assessed Property 2013 $305,126,999 Per Capita Assessed Property 2013 $3,299
County Base Millage Rate 2015 0.1328 Additional Sales Tax, if applicable:
Value of One Mil 2015 $261,107 Local Option  
Net Taxable Sales FY14 $624,026,308 Capital Projects 1.0%
State Admissions Tax FY14 $152,192 School District  
State Accommodations Tax Collected FY14 $608,772 Transportation  
Edu. Capital Improvement  
County Finance & Employment Data Value Value
Total Revenues FY14 $71,173,840 Per Capita Revenues FY14 $769
Total Expenditures FY14 $121,856,181 Per Capita Expenditures FY14 $1,317
General Fund Budget FY16 *** Per Capita Gen. Fund Budget FY16 ***
Total Debt Outstanding FY15 $43,521,011 Per Capita Debt Outstanding FY15 $470
Payroll FY16 *** Credit Rating(s) FY13, if applicable:
Full-Time Employees FY16 *** Moody's A2
Part-Time Employees FY16 *** Standard & Poor's AA
Full-Time Emp/1,000 Cnty Residents *** Fitch A