OCONEE COUNTY
Date Formed:  1868
Land Area (square miles): 625
County Seat: Walhalla
Other Cities and Towns: Salem, Seneca, West Union, Westminster
Form of Government: Council-Administrator
Council Members: 5
Method of Election: Single Member
Term Length: 4 years
Council of Government:  Appalachian
County History
Oconee County, which was formed in 1868 from Pickens County, takes its name from an Indian word. This area in the northwest corner of the state on the edge of the Blue Ridge Mountains was home to several Indian tribes, including the Creeks and the Cherokees, but the Indians gave up their lands in treaties signed in 1777 and 1785. After the American Revolution, settlers from other parts of the state began moving in, including the Germans from Charleston who founded the town of Walhalla in 1850. In 1856 work began on a tunnel for the Blue Ridge Railroad that would have linked Charleston with Knoxville, Tennessee, but the Civil War ended that project; the unfinished Stumphouse Tunnel can still be seen today. Several Revolutionary War heroes moved to present day Oconee County after the war, including Andrew Pickens (1739-1817), Robert Anderson (1741-1813), and Benjamin Cleveland (1738-1806). 
Population Trends Value Rank Value Rank
Census Population 1990 57,494 20 Numeric Change Census 1990-2010 16,779 17
Census Population 2000 66,215 20 Percent Change Census 1990-2010 29.2% 15
Census Population 2010 74,273 18 Numeric Change Pop. Est. 2010-2015 1,440 18
Population Estimate 2014 75,232 18 Percent Change Pop. Est. 2014-2015 1.9% 17
Population Estimate 2015 75,713 18 Avg. Annual Growth Rate 2010 - 2015 0.4% 17
Persons Per Square Mile 118.8 20
Economic Data Value Rank Value Rank
Jobs 2014 31,181 20 Personal Income 2014, in thousands $2,691,445 17
Jobs 2013 30,010 20 Avg. Annual Growth Rate, 1969 - 2014 7.3% 10
Jobs 2012 23,204 19 Per Capita Personal Income 2014 $35,794 12
Jobs 2000 27,827 18 % of U.S. Per Cap Personal Income 2014 77.7% 12
Jobs 1990 26,795 17 Average Wage Per Job 2015 $46,329 4
Avg. Ann. Growth Rate Jobs 1990-2010 -0.7% 33 % of U.S. Avg. Wage Per Job 2015 87.5% 4
Percent Change Jobs 2012-2014 3.9% 7 Unemployment Rate 2015 5.8% 32
Numeric Change Jobs 2013-2014 1,171 11
Tax Data Value Value
Assessed Property 2013 $521,294,691 Per Capita Assessed Property 2013 $7,019
County Base Millage Rate 2015 0.0710 Additional Sales Tax, if applicable:
Value of One Mil 2015 $518,357 Local Option  
Net Taxable Sales FY14 $488,287,096 Capital Projects  
State Admissions Tax FY14 $223,513 School District  
State Accommodations Tax Collected FY14 $192,100 Transportation  
Edu. Capital Improvement  
County Finance & Employment Data Value Value
Total Revenues FY14 $60,905,581 Per Capita Revenues FY14 $820
Total Expenditures FY14 $70,091,153 Per Capita Expenditures FY14 $944
General Fund Budget FY16 $41,848,004 Per Capita Gen. Fund Budget FY16 $563
Total Debt Outstanding FY15 $19,647,489 Per Capita Debt Outstanding FY15 $265
Payroll FY16 $27,979,637 Credit Rating(s) FY13, if applicable:
Full-Time Employees FY16 464 Moody's Aa2
Part-Time Employees FY16 20 Standard & Poor's AA
Full-Time Emp/1,000 Cnty Residents 6.25 Fitch