LEXINGTON COUNTY
Date Formed:  1804
Land Area (square miles): 699
County Seat: Lexington
Other Cities and Towns: Batesburg-Leesville, Cayce, Chapin, Columbia, Gaston, Gilbert, Irmo, Pelion, Pine Ridge, South Congaree, Springdale, Summit, Swansea, West Columbia
Form of Government: Council-Administrator
Council Members: 9
Method of Election: Single Member
Term Length: 4 years
Council of Government:  Central Midlands
County History
Lexington County was named for the Battle of Lexington, Massachusetts, the first battle of the American Revolution. This part of the state was designated as Lexington County from 1785 to 1791, then was merged back into the larger Orangeburg District. Lexington was eventually made a separate district in 1804. Small parts of the county later went to form Aiken (1871) and Calhoun (1908) counties. European settlement of this area began around 1718 when the British established a trading post on the Congaree River, which eventually became the town of Granby. Beginning in the 1730s many German, Swiss, and Scotch-Irish immigrants moved into the area and established small farms. Granby was the leading town and county seat for many years, but the growth of Columbia across the Congaree led to Granby's decline, and the county seat was moved to the town of Lexington in 1818. General Sherman's troops shelled the city of Columbia from the Lexington side of the Congaree during the Civil War. In 1930 Lake Murray was created on the Saluda River in Lexington County, covering many of the old farms and creating new recreational opportunities.
Population Trends Value Rank Value Rank
Census Population 1990 167,611 5 Numeric Change Census 1990-2010 94,780 4
Census Population 2000 216,014 5 Percent Change Census 1990-2010 56.5% 6
Census Population 2010 262,391 6 Numeric Change Pop. Est. 2010-2015 19,442 7
Population Estimate 2014 277,488 6 Percent Change Pop. Est. 2014-2015 7.0% 10
Population Estimate 2015 281,833 6 Avg. Annual Growth Rate 2010 - 2015 1.5% 10
Persons Per Square Mile 375.4 4
Economic Data Value Rank Value Rank
Jobs 2014 155,112 5 Personal Income 2014, in thousands $11,097,582 4
Jobs 2013 148,887 5 Avg. Annual Growth Rate, 1969 - 2014 8.4% 5
Jobs 2012 102,569 6 Per Capita Personal Income 2014 $39,935 4
Jobs 2000 89,554 6 % of U.S. Per Cap Personal Income 2014 86.7% 4
Jobs 1990 63,080 7 Average Wage Per Job 2015 $39,257 15
Avg. Ann. Growth Rate Jobs 1990-2010 3.1% 2 % of U.S. Avg. Wage Per Job 2015 74.2% 15
Percent Change Jobs 2012-2014 4.3% 5 Unemployment Rate 2015 4.8% 45
Numeric Change Jobs 2013-2014 6,225 3
Tax Data Value Value
Assessed Property 2013 $1,157,779,053 Per Capita Assessed Property 2013 $4,412
County Base Millage Rate 2015 0.0834 Additional Sales Tax, if applicable:
Value of One Mil 2015 $1,107,525 Local Option  
Net Taxable Sales FY14 $3,276,249,807 Capital Projects  
State Admissions Tax FY14 $654,193 School District 1.0%
State Accommodations Tax Collected FY14 $918,093 Transportation  
Edu. Capital Improvement  
County Finance & Employment Data Value Value
Total Revenues FY14 $181,365,112 Per Capita Revenues FY14 $691
Total Expenditures FY14 $166,796,808 Per Capita Expenditures FY14 $636
General Fund Budget FY16 $121,983,022 Per Capita Gen. Fund Budget FY16 $465
Total Debt Outstanding FY15 $45,590,387 Per Capita Debt Outstanding FY15 $173.75
Payroll FY16 $57,239,292 Credit Rating(s) FY13, if applicable:
Full-Time Employees FY16 1581 Moody's Aa1
Part-Time Employees FY16 129 Standard & Poor's  
Full-Time Emp/1,000 Cnty Residents 6.03 Fitch