LANCASTER COUNTY
Date Formed:  1785
Land Area (square miles): 549
County Seat: Lancaster
Other Cities and Towns: Heath Springs, Kershaw
Form of Government: Council-Administrator
Council Members: 7
Method of Election: Single Member
Term Length: 4 years
Council of Government:  Catawba
County History
Lancaster County and its county seat were named for Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. The county was formed in 1785, and it was originally part of Camden District. A part of Lancaster County was removed in 1791 to form Kershaw County. Scotch-Irish settlers from Pennsylvania began moving into this upstate region in the 1750s. The Waxhaws settlement on the border with North Carolina was the birthplace of President Andrew Jackson (1767-1845). During the Revolutionary War British Lieutenant Colonel Banastre Tarleton earned his nickname of "Bloody" Tarleton by massacring American troops in this area on May 29, 1780; the Battle of Hanging Rock was also fought in the county later the same year. Although Lancaster County has been primarily agricultural, gold mining began there in the 1820s and textile manufacturing sprang up following the Civil War. Governor and U.S. Senator Stephen Decatur Miller (1787-1838), surgeon J. Marion Sims (1813-1883), industrialist Elliott White Springs (1896-1959), and astronaut Charles M. Duke, Jr. were all Lancaster County residents.
Population Trends Value Rank Value Rank
Census Population 1990 54,516 21 Numeric Change Census 1990-2010 22,136 15
Census Population 2000 61,351 21 Percent Change Census 1990-2010 40.6% 10
Census Population 2010 76,652 17 Numeric Change Pop. Est. 2010-2015 9,190 11
Population Estimate 2014 83,120 17 Percent Change Pop. Est. 2014-2015 11.1% 4
Population Estimate 2015 85,842 17 Avg. Annual Growth Rate 2010 - 2015 2.4% 4
Persons Per Square Mile 139.6 18
Economic Data Value Rank Value Rank
Jobs 2014 33,600 19 Personal Income 2014, in thousands $2,905,293 16
Jobs 2013 32,284 19 Avg. Annual Growth Rate, 1969 - 2014 7.3% 10
Jobs 2012 18,411 23 Per Capita Personal Income 2014 $34,936 15
Jobs 2000 21,756 23 % of U.S. Per Cap Personal Income 2014 75.9% 15
Jobs 1990 19,862 21 Average Wage Per Job 2015 $43,249 10
Avg. Ann. Growth Rate Jobs 1990-2010 -0.4% 28 % of U.S. Avg. Wage Per Job 2015 81.7% 10
Percent Change Jobs 2012-2014 4.4% 3 Unemployment Rate 2015 6.3% 27
Numeric Change Jobs 2013-2014 1,316 10
Tax Data Value Value
Assessed Property 2013 $310,285,359 Per Capita Assessed Property 2013 $4,048
County Base Millage Rate 2015 0.0943 Additional Sales Tax, if applicable:
Value of One Mil 2015 $283,053 Local Option 1.0%
Net Taxable Sales FY14 $483,640,200 Capital Projects 1.0%
State Admissions Tax FY14 $193,615 School District  
State Accommodations Tax Collected FY14 $36,825 Transportation  
Edu. Capital Improvement  
County Finance & Employment Data Value Value
Total Revenues FY14 $66,330,205 Per Capita Revenues FY14 $865
Total Expenditures FY14 $63,003,595 Per Capita Expenditures FY14 $822
General Fund Budget FY16 $49,137,778 Per Capita Gen. Fund Budget FY16 $641
Total Debt Outstanding FY15 $31,300,178 Per Capita Debt Outstanding FY15 $408
Payroll FY16 $23,121,280 Credit Rating(s) FY13, if applicable:
Full-Time Employees FY16 467 Moody's Aa2
Part-Time Employees FY16 408 Standard & Poor's  
Full-Time Emp/1,000 Cnty Residents 6.09 Fitch