FAIRFIELD COUNTY
Date Formed:  1785
Land Area (square miles): 687
County Seat: Winnsboro
Other Cities and Towns: Ridgeway
Form of Government: Council-Administrator
Council Members: 7
Method of Election: Single Member
Term Length: 4 years
Council of Government:  Central Midlands
County History
The origin of the name Fairfield is not known, but local legend attributes it to a remark by Lord Cornwallis about the "fair fields" of the area. The county was formed in 1785 as a part of Camden District. The town of Winnsboro, which was settled around 1755, is the county seat. Fairfield County lies between the upcountry and the lowcountry areas of the state, and it was settled both by Scotch-Irish immigrants from colonies to the north and by English and French Huguenot planters from the lowcountry. In the colonial period this area was a center for the Regulator movement, which sought to bring law and order to the backcountry. During the Revolutionary War, Lord Cornwallis made his headquarters in Winnsboro from October 1780 to January 1781; the county was also invaded by General Sherman's troops during the Civil War. Cotton production was the major economic activity of the area, but the county also produced Winnsboro Blue Granite. Some prominent residents of the county were Regulator leader Thomas Woodward (d. 1779), Revolutionary War soldier Richard Winn (1750-1818), and artist Laura Glenn Douglas (1886-1962).
Population Trends Value Rank Value Rank
Census Population 1990 22,295 36 Numeric Change Census 1990-2010 1,661 36
Census Population 2000 23,454 38 Percent Change Census 1990-2010 7.5% 36
Census Population 2010 23,956 38 Numeric Change Pop. Est. 2010-2015 -1,209 41
Population Estimate 2014 22,890 38 Percent Change Pop. Est. 2014-2015 -5.3% 41
Population Estimate 2015 22,747 38 Avg. Annual Growth Rate 2010 - 2015 -1.0% 41
Persons Per Square Mile 34.9 44
Economic Data Value Rank Value Rank
Jobs 2014 12,207 30 Personal Income 2014, in thousands $722,561 36
Jobs 2013 10,778 33 Avg. Annual Growth Rate, 1969 - 2014 6.5% 26
Jobs 2012 7,269 35 Per Capita Personal Income 2014 $31,449 25
Jobs 2000 8,277 37 % of U.S. Per Cap Personal Income 2014 68.3% 25
Jobs 1990 8,222 35 Average Wage Per Job 2015 $62,215 1
Avg. Ann. Growth Rate Jobs 1990-2010 -0.6% 31 % of U.S. Avg. Wage Per Job 2015 117.5% 1
Percent Change Jobs 2012-2014 13.8% 1 Unemployment Rate 2015 8.0% 13
Numeric Change Jobs 2013-2014 1,429 9
Tax Data Value Value
Assessed Property 2013 $132,052,015 Per Capita Assessed Property 2013 $5,512
County Base Millage Rate 2015 0.1834 Additional Sales Tax, if applicable:
Value of One Mil 2015 $126,954 Local Option 1.0%
Net Taxable Sales FY14 $84,212,333 Capital Projects  
State Admissions Tax FY14 *** School District  
State Accommodations Tax Collected FY14 $29,735 Transportation  
Edu. Capital Improvement  
County Finance & Employment Data Value Value
Total Revenues FY14 $31,464,108 Per Capita Revenues FY14 $1,313
Total Expenditures FY14 $31,854,716 Per Capita Expenditures FY14 $1,330
General Fund Budget FY16 $27,003,070 Per Capita Gen. Fund Budget FY16 $1,127
Total Debt Outstanding FY15 $5,395,920 Per Capita Debt Outstanding FY15 $225
Payroll FY16 $11,621,124 Credit Rating(s) FY13, if applicable:
Full-Time Employees FY16 305 Moody's  
Part-Time Employees FY16 11 Standard & Poor's  
Full-Time Emp/1,000 Cnty Residents 12.73 Fitch