EDGEFIELD COUNTY
Date Formed:  1785
Land Area (square miles): 502
County Seat: Edgefield
Other Cities and Towns: Johnston, North Augusta, Trenton
Form of Government: Council-Administrator
Council Members: 5
Method of Election: Single Member
Term Length: 2 years
Council of Government:  Upper Savannah
County History
The origin of the name Edgefield is not clear, although it is usually described as "fanciful." The county was formed in 1785 as part of Ninety Six District; parts of Edgefield later went to form Aiken (1871), Saluda (1895), Greenwood (1897), and McCormick (1916) counties. This part of the upcountry, settled in the late eighteenth century, was the site of several Revolutionary War skirmishes. Although primarily agricultural, Edgefield County developed a thriving pottery industry in the nineteenth century; the old alkaline-glazed Edgefield pottery is highly sought after today. The larger Edgefield County was the home of ten South Carolina governors, including Francis W. Pickens (1805-1869), Benjamin R. Tillman (1847-1918), and Strom Thurmond (1902-2003). Confederate General Martin Witherspoon Gary (1831-1881) was also a resident of Edgefield County.
Population Trends Value Rank Value Rank
Census Population 1990 18,375 39 Numeric Change Census 1990-2010 8,610 22
Census Population 2000 24,595 36 Percent Change Census 1990-2010 46.9% 7
Census Population 2010 26,985 35 Numeric Change Pop. Est. 2010-2015 -471 27
Population Estimate 2014 26,457 36 Percent Change Pop. Est. 2014-2015 -1.8% 28
Population Estimate 2015 26,514 36 Avg. Annual Growth Rate 2010 - 2015 -0.3% 28
Persons Per Square Mile 53.8 33
Economic Data Value Rank Value Rank
Jobs 2014 7,837 40 Personal Income 2014, in thousands $781,594 33
Jobs 2013 7,992 39 Avg. Annual Growth Rate, 1969 - 2014 6.7% 22
Jobs 2012 6,438 37 Per Capita Personal Income 2014 $29,435 33
Jobs 2000 7,049 38 % of U.S. Per Cap Personal Income 2014 63.9% 33
Jobs 1990 5,515 39 Average Wage Per Job 2015 $35,835 28
Avg. Ann. Growth Rate Jobs 1990-2010 0.8% 10 % of U.S. Avg. Wage Per Job 2015 67.7% 28
Percent Change Jobs 2012-2014 -2.0% 45 Unemployment Rate 2015 6.4% 26
Numeric Change Jobs 2013-2014 -155 43
Tax Data Value Value
Assessed Property 2013 $78,063,768 Per Capita Assessed Property 2013 $2,893
County Base Millage Rate 2015 0.0985 Additional Sales Tax, if applicable:
Value of One Mil 2015 $74,246 Local Option 1.0%
Net Taxable Sales FY14 $54,229,350 Capital Projects  
State Admissions Tax FY14 $29,595 School District  
State Accommodations Tax Collected FY14 *** Transportation  
Edu. Capital Improvement  
County Finance & Employment Data Value Value
Total Revenues FY14 $14,241,606 Per Capita Revenues FY14 $528
Total Expenditures FY14 $13,629,406 Per Capita Expenditures FY14 $505
General Fund Budget FY16 $9,185,301 Per Capita Gen. Fund Budget FY16 $340
Total Debt Outstanding FY15 $1,205,253 Per Capita Debt Outstanding FY15 $45
Payroll FY16 $6,408,573 Credit Rating(s) FY13, if applicable:
Full-Time Employees FY16 158 Moody's  
Part-Time Employees FY16 7 Standard & Poor's  
Full-Time Emp/1,000 Cnty Residents 5.86 Fitch