COLLETON COUNTY
Date Formed:  1800
Land Area (square miles): 1,056
County Seat: Walterboro
Other Cities and Towns: Cottageville, Edisto Beach, Lodge, Smoaks, Williams
Form of Government: Council-Administrator
Council Members: 5
Method of Election: Single Member
Term Length: 4 years
Council of Government:  Lowcountry
County History
Colleton County was named for one of the Lords Proprietors, Sir John Colleton (1608-1666). The county was first created in 1682 under the proprietary government, but the designation was seldom used in the colonial period. Instead, the area was known by its parish names: St. Bartholomew, St. Paul, and St. George Dorchester. In 1769 these parishes became part of Charleston District, where they remained until Colleton District was formed in 1800.  A portion of the county was removed in 1897 to form Dorchester County. Several Revolutionary War skirmishes took place in Colleton County, and the state legislature met in the town of Jacksonboro in 1782 while Charleston was occupied by the British. This part of the lowcountry was known for its extensive rice and cotton plantations, many of which were bought by Northerners after the Civil War for use as hunting preserves; some of those lands are now being incorporated into the ACE Basin, a nature preserve bounded by the Ashepoo, Combahee, and Edisto rivers. The Revolutionary War hero Isaac Hayne (1745-1781) was a Colleton resident, as were politicians Rawlins Lowndes (1721-1800) and William Lowndes (1782-1822).
Population Trends Value Rank Value Rank
Census Population 1990 34,377 27 Numeric Change Census 1990-2010 4,515 29
Census Population 2000 38,264 26 Percent Change Census 1990-2010 13.1% 30
Census Population 2010 38,892 26 Numeric Change Pop. Est. 2010-2015 -1,161 38
Population Estimate 2014 37,776 27 Percent Change Pop. Est. 2014-2015 -3.1% 33
Population Estimate 2015 37,731 27 Avg. Annual Growth Rate 2010 - 2015 -0.6% 33
Persons Per Square Mile 36.8 43
Economic Data Value Rank Value Rank
Jobs 2014 15,747 27 Personal Income 2014, in thousands $1,207,404 27
Jobs 2013 15,257 27 Avg. Annual Growth Rate, 1969 - 2014 6.7% 22
Jobs 2012 10,805 27 Per Capita Personal Income 2014 $31,966 24
Jobs 2000 11,804 29 % of U.S. Per Cap Personal Income 2014 69.4% 23
Jobs 1990 11,659 30 Average Wage Per Job 2015 $30,692 43
Avg. Ann. Growth Rate Jobs 1990-2010 -0.4% 29 % of U.S. Avg. Wage Per Job 2015 58.0% 43
Percent Change Jobs 2012-2014 3.3% 10 Unemployment Rate 2015 7.0% 19
Numeric Change Jobs 2013-2014 490 24
Tax Data Value Value
Assessed Property 2013 $175,013,562 Per Capita Assessed Property 2013 $4,500
County Base Millage Rate 2015 0.1251 Additional Sales Tax, if applicable:
Value of One Mil 2015 $162,520 Local Option 1.0%
Net Taxable Sales FY14 $276,470,793 Capital Projects 1.0%
State Admissions Tax FY14 $60,266 School District  
State Accommodations Tax Collected FY14 $692,431 Transportation  
Edu. Capital Improvement  
County Finance & Employment Data Value Value
Total Revenues FY14 $40,299,148 Per Capita Revenues FY14 $1,036
Total Expenditures FY14 $51,208,692 Per Capita Expenditures FY14 $1,317
General Fund Budget FY16 $29,904,794 Per Capita Gen. Fund Budget FY16 $769
Total Debt Outstanding FY15 $42,273,333 Per Capita Debt Outstanding FY15 $1,087
Payroll FY16 $10,766,615 Credit Rating(s) FY13, if applicable:
Full-Time Employees FY16 389 Moody's Aa3
Part-Time Employees FY16 59 Standard & Poor's AA-
Full-Time Emp/1,000 Cnty Residents 10.00 Fitch