CLARENDON COUNTY
Date Formed:  1785
Land Area (square miles): 607
County Seat: Manning
Other Cities and Towns: Paxville, Summerton, Turbeville
Form of Government: Council-Administrator
Council Members: 5
Method of Election: Single Member/ Chair at-Large
Term Length: 4 years
Council of Government:  Santee Lynches
County History
Clarendon County was named for Edward Hyde, Earl of Clarendon (1608/9-1674), one of the Lords Proprietors of Carolina. The county was first established in 1785; in 1800 it became part of Sumter District, but then was split from Sumter in 1857. Several Revolutionary War skirmishes took place in this area; at Fort Watson in 1781 British soldiers were driven from a large Indian mound that had been fortified. During the Civil War, Union troops under General Edward Potter moved through the area, burning several plantations. In the 1950s, Clarendon County schools were sued over the issue of racial segregation. The case, Briggs v. Elliott, was one of several cases that eventually led the U.S. Supreme Court to abolish segregation in 1954. Clarendon County can claim five South Carolina Governors, all related: James Burchell Richardson (1770-1836), Richard Irvine Manning (1789-1836), John Peter Richardson (1801-1864), John Laurence Manning (1816-1889), and John Peter Richardson (1831-1899). Children's author Peggy Parish (1927-1988) and tennis player Althea Gibson are also Clarendon natives.
Population Trends Value Rank Value Rank
Census Population 1990 28,450 34 Numeric Change Census 1990-2010 6,521 27
Census Population 2000 32,502 31 Percent Change Census 1990-2010 22.9% 20
Census Population 2010 34,971 28 Numeric Change Pop. Est. 2010-2015 -1,196 40
Population Estimate 2014 34,051 28 Percent Change Pop. Est. 2014-2015 -3.5% 34
Population Estimate 2015 33,775 28 Avg. Annual Growth Rate 2010 - 2015 -0.7% 34
Persons Per Square Mile 57.6 30
Economic Data Value Rank Value Rank
Jobs 2014 11,467 33 Personal Income 2014, in thousands $924,866 30
Jobs 2013 11,394 32 Avg. Annual Growth Rate, 1969 - 2014 6.9% 18
Jobs 2012 7,788 32 Per Capita Personal Income 2014 $27,112 41
Jobs 2000 9,175 35 % of U.S. Per Cap Personal Income 2014 58.9% 41
Jobs 1990 8,575 34 Average Wage Per Job 2015 $30,432 45
Avg. Ann. Growth Rate Jobs 1990-2010 -0.5% 30 % of U.S. Avg. Wage Per Job 2015 57.5% 45
Percent Change Jobs 2012-2014 0.6% 33 Unemployment Rate 2015 7.8% 14
Numeric Change Jobs 2013-2014 73 32
Tax Data Value Value
Assessed Property 2013 $103,064,830 Per Capita Assessed Property 2013 $2,947
County Base Millage Rate 2015 0.1583 Additional Sales Tax, if applicable:
Value of One Mil 2015 $102,198 Local Option 1.0%
Net Taxable Sales FY14 $139,583,106 Capital Projects  
State Admissions Tax FY14 $53,168 School District 1.0%
State Accommodations Tax Collected FY14 $136,632 Transportation  
Edu. Capital Improvement  
County Finance & Employment Data Value Value
Total Revenues FY14 $28,410,281 Per Capita Revenues FY14 $812
Total Expenditures FY14 $29,214,332 Per Capita Expenditures FY14 $835
General Fund Budget FY16 $19,864,872 Per Capita Gen. Fund Budget FY16 $568
Total Debt Outstanding FY15 $25,111,562 Per Capita Debt Outstanding FY15 $718
Payroll FY16 $7,518,448 Credit Rating(s) FY13, if applicable:
Full-Time Employees FY16 276 Moody's  
Part-Time Employees FY16 32 Standard & Poor's A+
Full-Time Emp/1,000 Cnty Residents 7.89 Fitch