CHEROKEE COUNTY
Date Formed:  1897
Land Area (square miles): 393
County Seat: Gaffney
Other Cities and Towns: Blacksburg
Form of Government: Council-Administrator
Council Members: 7
Method of Election: Single Member
Term Length: 4 years
Council of Government:  Appalachian
County History
Cherokee County was named for the Cherokee Indians who once made it their home. It was formed in 1897 from parts of Spartanburg, Union, and York counties, and the county seat is Gaffney. During the Revolutionary War at the battle of Cowpens, an important victory for the revolutionary forces took place there on January 17, 1781. Iron mining was an important activity in this region up to the time of the Civil War, and it is sometimes called the Old Iron District. In the mid-nineteenth century, the resort at Limestone Springs was a popular retreat for lowcountry planters. Writer Wilbur Joseph Cash (1901-1941) was a native of Cherokee County, as is actress Andie MacDowell.
Population Trends Value Rank Value Rank
Census Population 1990 44,506 23 Numeric Change Census 1990-2010 10,836 19
Census Population 2000 52,537 24 Percent Change Census 1990-2010 24.3% 19
Census Population 2010 55,342 24 Numeric Change Pop. Est. 2010-2015 852 20
Population Estimate 2014 56,039 24 Percent Change Pop. Est. 2014-2015 1.5% 19
Population Estimate 2015 56,194 24 Avg. Annual Growth Rate 2010 - 2015 0.3% 19
Persons Per Square Mile 140.8 17
Economic Data Value Rank Value Rank
Jobs 2014 24,502 24 Personal Income 2014, in thousands $1,581,559 24
Jobs 2013 24,186 24 Avg. Annual Growth Rate, 1969 - 2014 6.4% 28
Jobs 2012 18,902 21 Per Capita Personal Income 2014 $28,230 38
Jobs 2000 22,994 21 % of U.S. Per Cap Personal Income 2014 61.3% 38
Jobs 1990 19,647 22 Average Wage Per Job 2015 $35,149 33
Avg. Ann. Growth Rate Jobs 1990-2010 -0.2% 23 % of U.S. Avg. Wage Per Job 2015 66.4% 33
Percent Change Jobs 2012-2014 1.3% 24 Unemployment Rate 2015 7.2% 17
Numeric Change Jobs 2013-2014 316 27
Tax Data Value Value
Assessed Property 2013 $191,451,654 Per Capita Assessed Property 2013 $3,459
County Base Millage Rate 2015 0.0916 Additional Sales Tax, if applicable:
Value of One Mil 2015 $165,861 Local Option 1.0%
Net Taxable Sales FY14 $431,078,081 Capital Projects  
State Admissions Tax FY14 $82,709 School District Ended 3-15
State Accommodations Tax Collected FY14 $127,637 Transportation  
Edu. Capital Improvement 1.0%
County Finance & Employment Data Value Value
Total Revenues FY14 $28,035,260 Per Capita Revenues FY14 $507
Total Expenditures FY14 $21,065,340 Per Capita Expenditures FY14 $381
General Fund Budget FY16 *** Per Capita Gen. Fund Budget FY16 ***
Total Debt Outstanding FY15 $6,790,000 Per Capita Debt Outstanding FY15 $123
Payroll FY16 *** Credit Rating(s) FY13, if applicable:
Full-Time Employees FY16 *** Moody's  
Part-Time Employees FY16 *** Standard & Poor's  
Full-Time Emp/1,000 Cnty Residents *** Fitch