CHARLESTON COUNTY
Date Formed:  1769
Land Area (square miles): 919
County Seat: Charleston
Other Cities and Towns: Awendaw, Folly Beach, Hollywood, Isle of Palms, Kiawah Island, Lincolnville, McClellanville, Meggett, Mount Pleasant, Summerville, North Charleston, Ravenel, Seabrook Island, Sullivan's Island
Form of Government: Council-Administrator
Council Members: 9
Method of Election: Single Member
Term Length: 4 years
Council of Government:  Berkeley-Charleston-Dorchester
County History
Charleston County and the city of Charleston are the most historic locations in the state. English settlers arrived in the colony of Carolina in 1670 and established a town at Albemarle Point on the west bank of the Ashley River. The settlement, named Charles Town in honor of King Charles II of England, was subsequently moved a few miles away to a peninsula between the Ashley and Cooper rivers. Charles Towne (renamed Charleston in 1783) was the political, social, and economic center of the state throughout the colonial and antebellum periods, and it served as the capital until 1790. Charleston District was formed in 1769, but portions were later split off to form Colleton (1800) and Berkeley (1882) counties. During the Revolutionary War the American forces defeated the attacking British fleet at Charleston in June 1776.  At another Charleston fort, Fort Sumter, federal troops were fired on by Confederate forces in April 1861, signaling the start of the Civil War. Charleston County has had many famous residents, including three signers of the United States Constitution: Charles Pinckney (1757-1824), Charles Cotesworth Pinckney (1746-1825), and John Rutledge (1739-1800).
Population Trends Value Rank Value Rank
Census Population 1990 295,039 2 Numeric Change Census 1990-2010 55,170 8
Census Population 2000 309,969 3 Percent Change Census 1990-2010 18.7% 25
Census Population 2010 350,209 3 Numeric Change Pop. Est. 2010-2015 39,053 3
Population Estimate 2014 380,338 3 Percent Change Pop. Est. 2014-2015 10.3% 6
Population Estimate 2015 389,262 3 Avg. Annual Growth Rate 2010 - 2015 2.2% 6
Persons Per Square Mile 381.1 3
Economic Data Value Rank Value Rank
Jobs 2014 318,598 2 Personal Income 2014, in thousands $18,228,802 2
Jobs 2013 308,724 2 Avg. Annual Growth Rate, 1969 - 2014 7.0% 14
Jobs 2012 230,845 2 Per Capita Personal Income 2014 $47,843 1
Jobs 2000 215,368 3 % of U.S. Per Cap Personal Income 2014 103.9% 1
Jobs 1990 206,648 1 Average Wage Per Job 2015 $45,717 5
Avg. Ann. Growth Rate Jobs 1990-2010 0.6% 11 % of U.S. Avg. Wage Per Job 2015 86.4% 5
Percent Change Jobs 2012-2014 3.3% 11 Unemployment Rate 2015 4.8% 45
Numeric Change Jobs 2013-2014 9,874 1
Tax Data Value Value
Assessed Property 2013 $3,106,311,705 Per Capita Assessed Property 2013 $8,870
County Base Millage Rate 2015 0.0593 Additional Sales Tax, if applicable:
Value of One Mil 2015 $3,309,786 Local Option 1.0%
Net Taxable Sales FY14 $7,029,379,188 Capital Projects  
State Admissions Tax FY14 $5,648,187 School District  
State Accommodations Tax Collected FY14 $13,518,144 Transportation 0.5%
Edu. Capital Improvement 1.0%
County Finance & Employment Data Value Value
Total Revenues FY14 $503,423,918 Per Capita Revenues FY14 $1,437
Total Expenditures FY14 $477,855,511 Per Capita Expenditures FY14 $1,364
General Fund Budget FY16 $214,748,590 Per Capita Gen. Fund Budget FY16 $613
Total Debt Outstanding FY15 $205,121,667 Per Capita Debt Outstanding FY15 $586
Payroll FY16 $121,106,322 Credit Rating(s) FY13, if applicable:
Full-Time Employees FY16 2554 Moody's Aaa
Part-Time Employees FY16 177 Standard & Poor's AAA
Full-Time Emp/1,000 Cnty Residents 7.29 Fitch AAA