BARNWELL COUNTY
Date Formed:  1800
Land Area (square miles): 548
County Seat: Barnwell
Other Cities and Towns: Blackville, Elko, Hilda, Kline, Snelling, Williston
Form of Government: Council
Council Members: 7
Method of Election: Single Member
Term Length: 4 years
Council of Government:  Lower Savannah
County History
Barnwell County and its county seat were named for Revolutionary War leader John Barnwell (1748-1800). The county was originally part of Orangeburg District, and in 1785 it was named Winton County. It was given its current name in 1800. Barnwell County has decreased in size over the years as new counties were created within its boundaries (Aiken in 1871, Bamberg in 1897, and Allendale in 1919). The South Carolina Railroad, which connected Charleston to Hamburg on the Savannah River, was built through this area, creating the towns of Blackville and Williston in the mid-nineteenth century. In more recent years, the county was the home of several powerful state politicians, known collectively as the "Barnwell Ring." Included were state Senator Edgar A. Brown (1888-1975), Speaker of the House Solomon Blatt (1895-1986), and Governor Joseph E. Harley (1880-1942).
Population Trends Value Rank Value Rank
Census Population 1990 20,293 37 Numeric Change Census 1990-2010 2,328 35
Census Population 2000 23,478 37 Percent Change Census 1990-2010 11.5% 32
Census Population 2010 22,621 39 Numeric Change Pop. Est. 2010-2015 -896 33
Population Estimate 2014 21,935 39 Percent Change Pop. Est. 2014-2015 -4.1% 36
Population Estimate 2015 21,725 39 Avg. Annual Growth Rate 2010 - 2015 -0.8% 36
Persons Per Square Mile 41.3 37
Economic Data Value Rank Value Rank
Jobs 2014 7,983 39 Personal Income 2014, in thousands $597,330 40
Jobs 2013 7,895 40 Avg. Annual Growth Rate, 1969 - 2014 6.0% 37
Jobs 2012 6,032 39 Per Capita Personal Income 2014 $27,202 40
Jobs 2000 9,513 33 % of U.S. Per Cap Personal Income 2014 59.1% 39
Jobs 1990 7,933 36 Average Wage Per Job 2015 $31,631 40
Avg. Ann. Growth Rate Jobs 1990-2010 -1.2% 40 % of U.S. Avg. Wage Per Job 2015 59.8% 40
Percent Change Jobs 2012-2014 1.1% 26 Unemployment Rate 2015 8.9% 7
Numeric Change Jobs 2013-2014 88 31
Tax Data Value Value
Assessed Property 2013 $54,380,582 Per Capita Assessed Property 2013 $2,404
County Base Millage Rate 2015 0.1430 Additional Sales Tax, if applicable:
Value of One Mil 2015 $55,008 Local Option 1.0%
Net Taxable Sales FY14 $100,414,237 Capital Projects  
State Admissions Tax FY14 *** School District  
State Accommodations Tax Collected FY14 $28,962 Transportation  
Edu. Capital Improvement  
County Finance & Employment Data Value Value
Total Revenues FY14 $17,284,741 Per Capita Revenues FY14 $764
Total Expenditures FY14 $13,516,122 Per Capita Expenditures FY14 $598
General Fund Budget FY16 $14,084,339 Per Capita Gen. Fund Budget FY16 $623
Total Debt Outstanding FY15 $882,500 Per Capita Debt Outstanding FY15 $39
Payroll FY16 $5,409,487 Credit Rating(s) FY13, if applicable:
Full-Time Employees FY16 149 Moody's  
Part-Time Employees FY16 74 Standard & Poor's  
Full-Time Emp/1,000 Cnty Residents 6.59 Fitch