AIKEN COUNTY
Date Formed:  1871
Land Area (square miles): 1,073
County Seat: Aiken
Other Cities and Towns: Burnettown, Jackson, Monetta, New Ellenton, North Augusta, Perry, Salley, Wagener, Windsor
Form of Government: Council-Administrator
Council Members: 9
Method of Election: Single Member/ Chair at-Large
Term Length: 4 years
Council of Government:  Lower Savannah
County History
Aiken County and its county seat were named for William Aiken (1806-1831), president of the South Carolina Railroad. The county was formed in 1871 from parts of Orangeburg, Lexington, Edgefield, and Barnwell counties. The area was sparsely settled until the 1830s, when the South Carolina Railroad was built connecting Charleston to the town of Hamburg on the Savannah River with the town of Aiken being established as a depot. In the 1870s, Aiken became a winter resort for wealthy Northerners, and it remains popular with horse trainers and riders. The federal government chose Aiken County in the 1950s to be the site of a hydrogen bomb plant, the Savannah River Site. James F. Byrnes (1879-1972) began his legal and political careers in Aiken before going on to become a U.S. Congressman, Senator, Secretary of State, Supreme Court Justice, and Governor of South Carolina. Other prominent residents of the county were William Gregg (1800-1867), who built the state's first textile mill at Graniteville in 1846, and South Carolina Governor and U.S. Senator James Henry Hammond (1807-1864).
Population Trends Value Rank Value Rank
Census Population 1990 120,940 10 Numeric Change Census 1990-2010 39,159 12
Census Population 2000 142,552 10 Percent Change Census 1990-2010 32.4% 13
Census Population 2010 160,099 11 Numeric Change Pop. Est. 2010-2015 5,730 13
Population Estimate 2014 164,537 11 Percent Change Pop. Est. 2014-2015 3.5% 14
Population Estimate 2015 165,829 11 Avg. Annual Growth Rate 2010 - 2015 0.7% 14
Persons Per Square Mile 149.2 16
Economic Data Value Rank Value Rank
Jobs 2014 85,388 11 Personal Income 2014, in thousands $6,139,496 11
Jobs 2013 84,439 11 Avg. Annual Growth Rate, 1969 - 2014 6.8% 20
Jobs 2012 62,447 10 Per Capita Personal Income 2014 $37,265 8
Jobs 2000 61,462 11 % of U.S. Per Cap Personal Income 2014 80.9% 8
Jobs 1990 65,715 6 Average Wage Per Job 2015 $47,347 2
Avg. Ann. Growth Rate Jobs 1990-2010 -0.2% 24 % of U.S. Avg. Wage Per Job 2015 89.4% 2
Percent Change Jobs 2012-2014 1.1% 27 Unemployment Rate 2015 5.9% 31
Numeric Change Jobs 2013-2014 949 14
Tax Data Value Value
Assessed Property 2013 $639,375,638 Per Capita Assessed Property 2013 $3,994
County Base Millage Rate 2015 0.0699 Additional Sales Tax, if applicable:
Value of One Mil 2015 $630,000 Local Option  
Net Taxable Sales FY14 $1,122,109,629 Capital Projects 1.0%
State Admissions Tax FY14 $775,646 School District  
State Accommodations Tax Collected FY14 $518,644 Transportation  
Edu. Capital Improvement 1.0%
County Finance & Employment Data Value Value
Total Revenues FY14 $86,930,696 Per Capita Revenues FY14 $543
Total Expenditures FY14 $152,563,882 Per Capita Expenditures FY14 $953
General Fund Budget FY16 $55,754,413 Per Capita Gen. Fund Budget FY16 $348
Total Debt Outstanding FY15 $40,068,228 Per Capita Debt Outstanding FY15 $250
Payroll FY16 $34,335,974 Credit Rating(s) FY13, if applicable:
Full-Time Employees FY16 818 Moody's Aa2
Part-Time Employees FY16 69 Standard & Poor's AA
Full-Time Emp/1,000 Cnty Residents 5.11 Fitch